However, I’m active about production and this is my advice: use the language in a variety of contexts and let your need for expression lead your vocabulary expansion. (HA! It even rhymes!)
My general philosophy is that, given proper exposure – which is certainly the case in your situation, - the words you need to understand will come up often enough for you to remember, and that given enough production – which you might have to work on, I can’t say --, the words you need to express yourself will come up often enough for you to know that you need to learn them.
то есть, учите те слова, в которых возникает потребность при разговоре, а не всё, что попадает в поле зрения, как это делают начинающие.
From this, it follows that if you hear a word often enough to remember it, there is no real need to do anything, except for exposing yourself, very regularly, to a variety of language. Attitude is important though: if you approach each situation in learning mode, every new word will matter and you’ll be listening carefully, thus remembering more efficiently.
It also follows that you need to concentrate on expressing yourself in a variety of situations and prepare yourself adequately by searching all the words you need AND USING THEM.
то есть, в зависимости от предстоящей ситуации, прикиньте, какие слова вам могут понадобиться, и затем используйте их. то есть вспоминайте ДО того, как возникнет потребность, а не ПОСЛЕ.
In short, in my opinion, the most efficient way to learn a word is to identify a word you need and to use it in the right context to express yourself. (с) Alexandre Coutu, translator and polyglot
ещё один ответ: I have observed the greatest improvement in my wife's language abilities and my own through writing consistently in the language. When you have reached the basic level of fluency, doing scriptorium exercises and writing exercises is incredibly effective. One of the ways that my wife forced herself to write in English was by doing a dissertation in English rather than French, which would have still been perfectly acceptable.
Writing helps you develop the monitor function as described by Stephen Krashen. As you write something out or conduct the scriptorium method on a sentence, you have the time to think through the words that you are producing and the grammer that connects them. In contrast to spoken language, you are not forced to quickly spit something out; you can produce sentences in a calm and collected state. Little-by-little, the words you are using in your writings start to seep into your day-to-day conversations.
My wife had tried flashcards, notebooks, spaced-repetition, etc. in order to better grasp the specialized terminology that an interpreter will often hear at a conference in the EU. But, she still felt that extensive writing and reading were the most effective. (c) Brad Arner, Language learning fanatic
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ещё один ответ: Search for the Linkword method. Don't buy anything as the existing software is usually very user unfriendly. There is a few books with ready made examples out there that are worth the ten Dollars they cost. It is the perfect method for nasty words, that just won't stick. The context is king.
So try to learn words that are relevant for your daily and professional life. Why would I learn the different names for male and female animals if I wasn't a vet or pet-afficionado?
у меня отдельный тэг есть * мой рабочий день на английском
All of my students now use Memrise with incredible enthusiasm. 50 words per day / hour is easily manageable. But be careful: Many users/courses use mems that are not created following the Linkword idea, which btw. is what the Memrise creators seemed to have in mind.
So you might end up creating your own associations which might slow down your learning but on the other hand deepen it and thereby make it more effective. (с) Michael Schmitz, источник
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