1. Be aware if you are standing for long periods of time shake your legs every so often to prevent the accumulation of blood.
2. Flex your feet. By contracting the muscles in your feet it can help force blood upward and out of the veins. If you are sat down for any period of time try flexing your foot up and down as you would when you pump a gas pedal or piano pedal. Also rotate your feet clockwise and counterclockwise to get the ankles moving and the blood pumping.
3. Do not sit cross-legged, it increases pressure on the leg veins. .
4. Gentle exercise such as swimming and walking can strengthen the walls of the blood vessels and prevent or delay the development of prominent veins.
5. Avoid strenuous physical activity that can put heavy pressure on the veins, e.g weight training.
6. By sitting or laying down with your legs slightly elevated will improve the blood flow from the legs to the heart. If your legs are very swollen try sleeping with your legs elevated, forcing the blood up out of your feet and legs.
7. By having cold or lukewarm showers you can shrink the veins.
8. To stop swollen veins from getting worse it is recommended to apply elastic stockings or elastic bandages that provide support.
9. Be aware of your weight, if you are overweight it will put unnecessary pressure on your veins.
10. Take Vitamin B, vitamin C and zinc to help maintain the elasticity of blood vessels and strengthen their walls, this can prevent or delay the appearance of varicose veins.
11. Wear elastic socks on long haul flights. Talk to your physician and if you have a prescription take blood thinners such as aspirin which help to prevent blood clots and venous thrombosis.
12. Get yourself some comfy shoes that have laces which can be loosened if needed and keep your high heels for special occasions. Walking in high heels can aggravate varicose veins.